Suppose that every day, ten men go out for coffee and the bill for all ten comes to €100… (they’re drinking Kopi luwak* of course).
If they paid their bill the way we pay our taxes, it would go something like this…
The first four men (the poorest) would pay nothing.
The fifth would pay €1.
The sixth would pay €3.
The seventh would pay €7.
The eighth would pay €12.
The ninth would pay €18.
The tenth man (the richest) would pay €59.
So, that’s what they decided to do.
The ten men drank in the cafe every day and seemed quite happy with the arrangement, until one day, the owner threw them a curve.
“Since you are all such good customers,” he said, “I’m going to reduce the cost of your daily coffee by €20”. Coffee for ten would now cost just €80.
The group still wanted to pay their bill the way we pay our taxes.
So the first four men were unaffected.
They would still drink for free. But what about the other six men, the paying customers?
How could they divide the €20 windfall so that everyone would get his fair share?
They realised that €20 divided by six is €3.33. But if they subtracted that from everybody’s share, then the fifth man and the sixth man would each end up being paid to drink his coffee.
So, the cafe owner suggested that it would be fair to reduce each man’s bill by a higher percentage the poorer he was, to follow the principle of the tax system they had been using, and he proceeded to work out the amounts he suggested that each should now pay.
And so the fifth man, like the first four, now paid nothing (100% saving).
The sixth now paid €2 instead of €3 (33% saving).
The seventh now paid €5 instead of €7 (28% saving).
The eighth now paid €9 instead of €12 (25% saving).
The ninth now paid €14 instead of €18 (22% saving).
The tenth now paid €49 instead of €59 (16% saving).
Each of the six was better off than before. And the first four continued to enjoy their coffee for free. But, once outside the cafe the men began to compare their savings.
“I only got a euro out of the €20 saving,” declared the sixth man.
He pointed to the tenth man,”but he got €10!”
“Yeah, that’s right,” exclaimed the fifth man. “I only saved a euro too. It’s unfair that he got ten times more benefit than me!”
“That’s true!” shouted the seventh man. “Why should he get €10 back, when I got only €2? The wealthy get all the breaks!”
“Wait a minute,” yelled the first four men in unison, “we didn’t get anything at all. This new tax system exploits the poor!”
The nine men surrounded the tenth and beat him up.
The next night the tenth man didn’t show up, so the nine sat down and had their coffee without him. But when it came time to pay the bill, they discovered something important. They didn’t have enough money between all of them for even half of the bill!
And that, boys and girls, journalists and government ministers, is how our tax system works.
The people who already pay the highest taxes will naturally get the most benefit from a tax reduction.
Tax them too much, attack them for being wealthy, and they just may not show up anymore.
For those who understand, no explanation is needed.
For those who do not understand, no explanation is possible.
Original content by: David R. Kamerschen, Ph.D., Professor of Economics
A friend sent this to me and I got a good laugh out of it. I hope you do to.
*Kopi luwak, or civet coffee, refers to the beans of coffee berries once they have been eaten and excreted by the Asian Palm Civet. The name is also used for marketing brewed coffee made from those beans. A kilo of green Kopi luwak coffee beans runs about €116 at today’s market price. But since you lose about 20% of the coffee weight during roasting the actual cost is more along the lines of €140 per roasted kilo. You can read more about this very unique and sought after coffee here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kopi_luwak